Transportation, the industry that deals with the movement of commodities and passengers from one place to another, has gone through several studies, researches, trials, and refinements to reach where it is now. One of the major milestones in the history of transportation was the steamboat in the year 1787. Prior to this, people relied on animal-drawn carts for their commute. Thereafter, major breakthroughs that led to the growth of the transportation industry were the invention of bicycles (early 19th century), motor cars (in the 1890s), trains (19th century), and aircrafts (1903). Today, the transportation sector has evolved to a level where vehicles can navigate and move without any human assistance. Technological advancements have helped the transportation sector progress in its journey of innovation and evolution. One such new-age technology that has contributed to the sector is AI. Leveraging AI in transportation helps the sector increase passenger safety, reduce traffic congestion and accidents, lessen carbon emissions, and also minimize the overall financial expenses.